“We have initiated legal action against companies that have defaulted on due payment to IFIN, after giving them adequate notice to make payment. We also propose to take legal action in cases where loans have been sanctioned in collusion — by concerned committee of office bearers — with the borrowers,” said an IL&FS spokesperson in response to a query from TOI.
According to sources, of IFIN’s outstanding loan book of over Rs 15,000 crore as on March 2018, nearly Rs 7,000 crore of advances, availed of by 50 entities, have turned non-performing. Bad loans surged after borrowers stopped repaying, taking advantage of distress in the group, which resulted in the government replacing the management and board of the parent company. Sources said that the wilful default by these borrowers amounted to fraud.
The private lender has decided to recall the loans and initiate recovery proceedings. A scrutiny of the loan books has revealed that around Rs 1,200-crore loans are without any security, another Rs 2,000 crore are without adequate security. Advances of close to Rs 3,000 crore have been made without proper risk assessment and another Rs 3,000 crore have been routed to other entities who were not eligible to borrow. The board has also discovered that Rs 2,500 crore was used for ever-greening earlier loans.
Sources said that the IL&FS board suspected that there was connivance between top officials at IFIN and a few borrowers as some of the irregularities were blatant. Some of the large loans were cleared by a credit committee, which included directors Hari Sankaran, Ramesh Bawa, Arun Saha and Ravi Parthasarathy.
IFIN largely caters to companies in infrastructure and real estate, which includes group companies. IFIN’s loan portfolio increased 24% year-on-year to Rs 15,398 crore as on March 31, 2018, due to a jump in lending to infrastructure, which accounts for 41% of its loans. Promoter funding accounted for 13% of its loan book, while loans to real estate were 16%. The top 10 borrower groups (excluding IL&FS group) took away 26% of its loans. Two of its largest borrowers have outstandings of Rs 900 crore and Rs 600 crore respectively.
IFIN was originally incorporated as IL&FS Asset Management Company (AMC) in 1997. After the sale of its AMC business to UTI in 2004, the company obtained an NBFC licence in 2005 and renamed itself as IL&FS Finvest. A group-restructuring saw the lending business being integrated under IL&FS Finvest, which was subsequently rechristened IL&FS Financial Services.