The move follows the experience of several lenders in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, where the dues have remained pending although they had written off the loans based on announcements from the state governments, banking sources said. In 2016, while announcing the Rs 6,000-crore loan waiver, Tamil Nadu, for instance, had decided to clear the dues of over Rs 3,200 crore to cooperative institutions over five years. States, such as Uttar Pradesh, have cleared the dues to lenders, the sources added.
Nabard’s advisory will put pressure on the states to ensure that they have funds in their budget as most states that have announced a loan waiver ignored their financial position. “The credit cycle stops if our dues are not cleared by the states,” said a banker. With a large amount yet to be reimbursed banks go slow on lending to farmers at a time when their non-performing assets soar due to farmers stopping their regular loan repayments.
At a recent state-level bankers’ committee meeting in Karnataka, which announced a loan waiver earlier this year, it was pointed out that there was a Rs 5,353 crore fall in the outstanding agricultural loans between March and June, 2018. With farmers complaining of pressure on their income, Nabard is keen to ensure that loan flow is not choked in any manner, the sources said.
At least three Congress-ruled states – Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Chattisgarh – have joined the list of states announcing farm loan waivers. Between them, they plan to provide loan amnesty of around Rs 60,000 crore, taking the total to Rs 2.3 lakh crore spread across 12 states.