The ruling came on an application filed by banks, which said such information cannot be shared without first giving them an opportunity to oppose it. The top court had mandated the RBI in 2015 to release such information to RTI applicants or risk contempt of court.
RTI applications have been piling up at the RBI ever since the court ruled that the banking regulator must reveal all information under RTI, except those excluded by law.
The banks then moved the top court seeking relief. The lenders included HDFC Bank, ICICI Bank and SBI, which have been stung by the alleged leak of one such report.
These reports are sensitive and are being bandied about in the press, an advocate in the know of things said.
“Inspection reports, risk assessment reports, annual financial inspection reports of the banks including State Bank of India shall not be released by the Reserve Bank of India until further orders,” a bench comprising Justices S Abdul Nazeer and Sanjiv Khanna said on Wednesday.
The interim order will continue till the court examines the issues involved in the case. SBI was represented by standing counsel Sanjay Kapur and the RBI by senior advocate Jaideep Gupta. Solicitor General Tushar Mehta also appeared for SBI.
Banks has earlier filed a plea for a review and recall of the 2015 ruling, which is pending and yet to be adjudicated.
Thetop court ruled on December 16, 2015, that the RBI must, in the interest of transparency and accountability, release all information sought from it except those exempted under RTI.
The order was passed by a bench comprising Justices MY Eqbal and C Nagappan.
The RBI contested this on the ground that such information was held by it in a fiduciary capacity and cannot be shared. The court rejected this argument.
It also argued that releasing such sensitive information would only undermine public confidence in the banking system and have an adverse impact on the economy, but the court shrugged that off.
Despite the order, the RBI kept turning away information seekers, citing a fresh non-disclosure policy. One RTI applicant eventually moved the top court seeking contempt action against the regulator.